Part IV. Parallel Sections: Revenge of the Sith & A New Hope
In the dizzying opening shot of Revenge of the Sith, Lucas’s swansong to his galaxy far far away, the camera follows two Jedi starfighters, piloted by Anakin and Obi-Wan, as they zoom across the surface of a massively long Republic Assault ship and plummet over its side into the chaotic battle below.
As a militaristic rendition of the “Force Theme” plays on the soundtrack, Anakin and Obi-Wan dodge enemy fire and, at Lucas’s request, “fly in perfect harmony to express their friendship.” 1 It’s a breathtaking opener that recalls the visual storytelling prowess of the opening shot of A New Hope 28 years earlier (And at 76 seconds, it’s the longest shot of any Star Wars film).
But when it’s read in terms of the ring structure, another rich layer of complexity is revealed, along with the full extent of Lucas’s visual ingenuity. Because like Clones, Sith begins at the end of its corresponding episode. So, if you can believe it, the continuous shot that opens Sith is actually a wildly imaginative reinterpretation of the final scene in A New Hope, where, following the destruction of the Death Star, newfound friends Luke and Han march in unison up a very long aisle in a throne room medal ceremony—with a military-style “Force Theme” soaring in the background.
As the final film in Lucas’s Star Wars saga, Sith bridges the gap between the original trilogy and prequel trilogy. In terms of the ring composition, however, it’s the last piece of the puzzle.
First, much of Sith is based on Return of the Jedi, the third film in the original trilogy, just as Menace is based on the first film of the original trilogy and Clones is based on the second. (In fact, the title of Revenge of the Sith is a reference to an early working title of Jedi, Revenge of the Jedi).
But as part of the ABC C’B’A’ ring pattern, Sith corresponds instead to A New Hope. And, like the inverted relationship we saw between Clones and Empire, Sith and A New Hope correspond in a way that makes them appear as kind of mirror opposites. Let’s compare:
The similarities are once again quite striking, with plot elements from the beginning of A New Hope occurring at the end of Sith and plot elements from the end of A New Hope occurring at the beginning of Sith. Some of the elements have shifted between acts and been condensed, but the basic pattern remains the same.
Sith, then, continues the descent that began in Clones. And as we move towards the center of the ring (also the ring’s nadir) the imagery in Sith, like that in Clones, reflects Anakin’s slow, gradual fall to the dark side—moving from the upper regions of Coruscant’s atmosphere to the sinkhole planet of Utapau to finally, the hellish landscape of Mustafar.
The Beginning and the End
Like Clones and Empire, when Sith is read from this point of view, the connections between the start of the film and the end of A New Hope become increasingly visible.
After the reimagining of the throne room finale seen above, Sith plunges viewers into a hectic space battle followed by a daring rescue mission to free Chancellor Palpatine aboard Grievous’s flagship, the Invisible Hand. Even though it takes up the first 25 minutes or so of the film, it actually corresponds with the last half (roughly an hour) of A New Hope, echoing first the attack on the Death Star and then the rescue of Princess Leia. Let’s look at some examples:
The first line in the film, spoken by Anakin, is “Lock on to ‘em R2.” This subtly reflects the climactic moment in A New Hope when Luke, finally willing to “let go,” turns off his targeting computer and trusts in the Force before taking the final shot. As The Making of “Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith” notes, the line is intended to illustrate “how Anakin relies heavily on droids and computers to target the enemy (the opposite of his son, who will use the Force).” 2 (Admittedly, this was more overt in the film’s screenplay where Anakin says “Lock on to ‘em R2,” multiple times and at one point even flies his starfighter into a trench, recalling the famous Death Star “trench run” from A New Hope.)
From a shot inside Anakin’s cockpit, we see that “General Greivous’s ship is dead ahead,” recalling a similar shot in A New Hope from inside Vader’s TIE Fighter, when Vader has Luke directly in his sights.
In Sith, a clone pilot gives the command, “Set S-foils in attack position.” In A New Hope, after the X-Wing pilots report in, Red Leader orders, “Lock S-foils in attack position.” 3 (Also, Anakin and Obi-Wan’s ships are precursors to the Imperial TIE Fighter while the clones’ ships are precursors to the Rebel X-Wing, the two iconic vehicles used in the attack on the first Death Star.)
In Sith, Obi-Wan, whose ship is attacked by buzz droids, tells Anakin to “Get out of here. There’s nothing more you can do.” And during the attack on the Death Star, Luke tells the pilot Wedge, whose X-Wing is hit, to “Get clear. You can’t do any more good back there!”
Other lines of dialogue from A New Hope are twisted even more inconspicuously in Sith. For instance, “Switch all power to front deflector screens” becomes “Surge all power units, Artoo.” And “I can’t shake ‘em,” which is said twice, turns into “They’re all over me,” also said twice.
As Luke’s X-Wing streaks through the Death Star trench, R2D2 extends a repair arm to fix a “stabilizer that’s broken loose again.” And after a buzz droid crawls onto the wing of Anakin’s ship, R2 extends an arm to fend off the attack.
In A New Hope, Leia watches the attack on the Death Star from the Rebel command center, a darkly lit setting with green neon light emanating from various computer displays and glass walls. The same green neon light also appears prominently on the bridge of Grevious’s ship, which functions as the Separatist command center during the opening battle.
The opening space battle in Sith moves at breakneck speed, and only lasts about five minutes. Before we can even catch our breath, Obi–Wan exclaims “I’ve got a bad feeling about this” and his ship careens into the open hanger of Grevious’s ship with Anakin not far behind. At this point, six films into the series, it’s tempting to read the line as just a stale nod to tradition. But, like in the beginning of Menace, it’s actually being used to signal the ring structure. Because in A New Hope, Luke utters the well-known phrase for the first time when the Millennium Falcon is caught by the Death Star’s tractor beam—and pulled into an open hanger.
From this point, Sith begins to correspond to the scenes that take place when Luke and company are aboard the Death Star in A New Hope.
After a brief skirmish in the hangar in Sith, Obi-Wan orders R2 to plug into the ship’s computers and locate the Chancellor. After a brief skirmish in the Death Star command office in A New Hope, Obi-Wan orders R2 to plug into the battle station’s computer—at which point the little droid finds out where to deactivate the tractor beam and that Princess Leia is being held on board in the detention block. (In both films, the droids are left to wait behind while the rescue mission is undertaken.)
Before the Jedi head off to rescue Palpatine, Anakin looks around the hangar and says, “I sense Count Dooku,” echoing the moment in A New Hope when Vader stands in the Death Star hangar bay and says, “I sense something—a presence I’ve not felt since …”
Moments later in Sith, R2 finds himself hiding from two battle droids who’ve entered the hangar to search the Jedi starfighters. One of the droids overhears Obi-Wan’s voice over R2’s comlink and asks, “What that?” The second droid responds, “Get back to work. That nothing.”
This situation is meant to recall the scene in A New Hope where Obi-Wan powers down the Death Star’s tractor beam. To avoid detection from two stormtroopers, Obi-Wan uses the force to make them think they hear something down the hallway. “What was that?” the first trooper asks. “Oh, it’s nothing,” the second trooper replies.
Aboard the Invisible Hand, the Jedi use an elevator to reach the Chancellor. While deflecting laserfire with their lightsabers, they back into the elevator—unaware of the battle droids standing right behind them. Aboard the Death Star, Luke, Han, and Chewie use an elevator to reach the Princess. When the elevator arrives at the detention block, Luke and Han step forward to exit, but to their surprise the door actually opens up behind them.
Anakin and Luke both use a grappling hook to swing to safety over “bottomless pits.”
When the Invisible Hand takes heavy damage and goes into a nose dive, R2 slides and falls into a heap of broken battle droid parts. Moments later, R2’s periscope pops out of the junk pile and looks around—a very clever allusion to the trash compactor monster that pokes its periscope-like eye out of the sludge and looks around.
After Anakin and Obi-Wan rescue Palpatine, they’re captured and brought before General Grievous in a scene that corresponds to the detention block rescue scene in A New Hope.
“That wasn’t much of a rescue,” scoffs Grievous, in a line that clearly evokes “This is some rescue!”—Leia’s sarcastic complaint to her supposed “rescuers” after they become trapped. And Anakin tells General Grievous, “You’re shorter than I expected,” which echoes Leia’s famous line, “Aren’t you a little short for a stormtrooper?”
Both scenes erupt into fighting (with alarms sounding) after the “prisoners” create a distraction: In Sith, R2 extends all of his arms and shoots out electrical pulses while in A New Hope a handcuffed Chewbacca “gets loose.”
Both scenes also end on a similar note: Grievous escapes by breaking the ship’s window with his staff and getting sucked out into space whereas Luke and the gang escape when Leia blasts a hole through a grate into a garbage chute.
Lastly, Grievious’s escape to the secret Separatist base on the planet Utapau is a major plot point in Sith. The next part of the film involves the Republic finding Grievious and the Separatist base and launching a final attack. If this sounds familiar, it should, because it corresponds to the Millennium Falcon’s escape from the Death Star and subsequent retreat to the hidden Rebel base in A New Hope. Of course, the next part of that film involves the Empire at long last tracking down the location of the Rebels and launching a final attack.
The End and the Beginning
As you might expect at this point, if we continue to read Sith from the perspective of the ring composition, the end of the film references the beginning of A New Hope.
For example, transporting Yoda and Obi-Wan back to Coruscant, Senator Bail Organa receives a message from the Chancellor’s office requesting his presence for a special session of Congress. “It could be a trap,” Organa says to the Jedi. Obi-Wan doesn’t think so. “The Chancellor will not be able to control the thousands of star systems without keeping the Senate intact.” This line links directly to dialogue between Governor Tarkin and one of his generals during A New Hope’s Death Star conference room scene:
TARKIN: The Imperial Senate will no longer be of any concern to us. I’ve just received word that the Emperor has dissolved the council permanently. The last remnants of the Old Republic have been swept away.
TAGGE: That’s impossible! How will the Emperor maintain control without the bureaucracy?
TARKIN: The regional governors now have direct control over territories. Fear will keep the local systems in line. Fear of this battle station. 4
Also, you may not have noticed, but Yoda and Obi-Wan hitching a ride with Bail Organa to Coruscant actually corresponds to Han Solo transporting Luke and Obi-Wan off Tatooine.
More significantly, though, on their way to Anchorhead in A New Hope, Luke, Obi-Wan and the droids stumble across a burned-out sandcrawler surrounded by dead Jawas. Luke suspects that the Sandpeople did it. “They didn’t,” says Obi-Wan. “But we are meant to think they did. These tracks are side by side. Sandpeople always ride single file to hide their numbers … And these blast points, too accurate for Sandpeople. Only Imperial stormtroopers are so precise.” Confused, Luke asks, “But why would Imperial troops want to slaughter Jawas?” Luke glances at the droids when the answer dawns on him. He jumps in his landspeeder and races home only to the find the smoking ruins of the moisture farm and the charred skeletons of his aunt and uncle. With nothing left to hold him back, Luke resolves to join Obi-Wan and become a Jedi.
After Yoda and Obi-Wan survive “Order 66” in Revenge of the Sith, they infiltrate the Jedi temple to reprogram a message and warn any remaining Jedi to stay away instead of returning. And in a scene clearly meant to evoke the one at the attacked sandcrawler, Yoda and Obi-Wan walk through the temple ruins and come upon the dead bodies of Jedi children.
Both scenes contain bodies strewn across the ground with smoke still hanging in the air. Also, notice the reverse diagonal compositions in the shots above. A brief exchange of dialogue further strengthens the connection between the two scenes:
OBI-WAN: Not even the younglings survived.
YODA: Killed not by clones, this Padawan. By a lightsaber, he was.
OBI-WAN: Who? Who could have done this? 5
Similar to Luke’s question about why Imperial troops would want to slaughter Jawas, Obi-Wan’s question will lead to a terrible discovery. A review of surveillance recordings reveals that it was Anakin who killed the young Jedi students. Anakin Skywalker, like Luke’s Uncle Owen and Aunt Beru, is no more. “Twisted by the dark side, young Skywalker has become,” Yoda tells Obi-Wan. “The boy you trained, gone he is . . . consumed by Darth Vader.” Although reluctant, Obi-Wan agrees to face his former apprentice.
When Padme learns about Anakin from Obi-Wan, she flies to the lava-soaked planet of Mustafar to confront her husband, who’s traveled there because the Chancellor gave him a “very important mission.” She’s accompanied by C3PO, who pilots the skiff.
Eagle-eyed viewers may recall that C3PO is driving Luke’s landspeeder when the two set out across the desert to search for R2 in A New Hope. And similar to Anakin, R2 is on a “secret mission” (to deliver Leia’s message to Obi-Wan).
On Mustafar, Anakin uses the force to choke Padme nearly to death until Obi-Wan stops him, yelling “Let her go!” Likewise, in A New Hope Vader force chokes Admiral Motti to the brink of death until Tarkin commands, “Enough of this! Vader, release him.”
Early in A New Hope, Vader physically lifts the captain of the Rebel Blockade Runner off the ground (with his left hand) and chokes him to death. During the duel on Mustafar, Anakin grabs Obi-Wan by the throat (with his right hand) and forces him down on a table.
Both the last act of Sith and the first act of A New Hope center around the destiny-defining encounter between a Skywalker and Obi-Wan Kenobi. But Sith puts a twist on this “Supernatural Aid/Meeting with the Mentor” stage of Joseph Campbell’s “Monomyth,” or Hero’s Journey.
When Luke is attacked by Sandpeople on Tatooine, Obi-Wan comes to his rescue. Similarly, when Anakin is left for dead on Mustafar, Palpatine—Anakin’s new, dark mentor—comes to his rescue and saves his life. Palpatine, like Obi-Wan, kneels down and places his hand on Skywalker’s forehead.
Shortly thereafter, the newly christened Darth Vader—encased in the iconic black armored life-support suit—rises from an operating table in a dark, smoke-filled scene straight out of Universal’s Frankenstein films. This “first appearance” of Darth Vader at the conclusion of the prequels nicely reflects his dramatic entrance into the smoky, brightly lit white corridor of the Rebel Blockade Runner at the beginning of A New Hope.
In addition, the first time Vader speaks in both films, he asks a series of three questions. In A New Hope:
Vader squeezes the neck of the Rebel Officer, who struggles in vain.
VADER: Where are those transmissions you intercepted?
Vader lifts the Rebel off his feet by his throat.
VADER: What have you done with those plans?
REBEL OFFICER: We intercepted no transmissions. Aaah … This is a consular ship. We’re on a diplomatic mission.
VADER: If this is a consular ship … where is the Ambassador? 6
DARTH SIDIOUS: Lord Vader, can you hear me?
VADER: Yes, My Master.
DARTH VADER looks around the room.
VADER: (continuing) Where is Padme? Is she safe, is she all right? 7
The first line spoken in A New Hope is “Did you hear that?” by C3PO, in a quick exchange with R2 on the fleeing blockade runner at the start of the film. Given the circular structure of the saga, it’s only appropriate then that C3PO utters the last line in Sith, “Oh no!”—in a short conversation with R2 aboard a space cruiser that looks nearly identical to the Rebel ship.
As you can see, the relationship between Sith and A New Hope is the same as the one between Clones and Empire: elements towards the start of Sith correspond to those at the end of A New Hope, and elements at the end of Sith correspond to those at the start of A New Hope. Importantly, this pattern continues the sense of descent towards the center of the ring.
Beginnings, Middles, and Ends
Just as in the previous pairs, progressing through Sith uncovers corresponding elements to A New Hope that run parallel, with elements once again being imaginatively reinterpreted.
For instance, earlier we saw that the opening of Sith was an inventive reimagining of A New Hope’s final scene. But it’s also a subtle inversion of the opening of A New Hope. After the camera pans down in A New Hope, a seemingly endless Imperial Star Destroyer flies over a stationary camera.
The pan down in Sith, instead, reveals that the camera is high above a Republic Star Destroyer, looking straight down at it. The camera then moves, tracking the Jedi starfighters as they fly overtop the equally endless capital ship.
General Grievous, a cyborg with breathing difficulty that foreshadows Anakin’s transformation into Darth Vader, first appears on screen entering the bridge of his ship—through a door, followed by two bodyguards. This echoes the first appearance of Darth Vader, striding through the doorway of the blockade runner, flanked by two stormtroopers.
Like A New Hope, the first part of Sith focuses primarily on two characters. In the first part of Episode IV, the story is told mainly from the point of view of C3PO and R2D2 (a device used by Akira Kurosawa in The Hidden Fortress with two bickering peasants). The two lowly droids flee the Rebel Blockade Runner in an escape pod that crashes down in the dunes of the Tatooine desert. In the first part of the Episode III, the story focuses primarily on Anakin and Obi-Wan, who are forced to crash-land the Invisible Hand after Grievious flees the ship in an escape pod and jettisons all the remaining pods.
When cleaning R2, Luke accidentally stumbles across a hologram of Princess Leia pleading for help, a vital message that draws Luke into a quest to rescue her. In Sith, Lucas reinvents this crucial plot point, rather brilliantly, as Anakin’s nightmare about Padme dying in childbirth.
Much like Leia’s holographic message, the vision of Padme will draw Anakin into a life-saving quest. And if you listen carefully during Anakin’s first nightmare, Padme cries, “Anakin, help me,” which, of course, echoes Leia’s “Help me, Obi-Wan Kenobi. You’re my only hope.” In addition, the holographic message is played twice in A New Hope, the second time with Obi-Wan in his hut. In Sith, we witness two of Anakin’s nightmares, with Obi-Wan appearing in the second one.
The scene with Luke and Obi-Wan inside the Jedi Master’s hut takes place around the 35-minute mark. When Luke asks how his father died, Obi-Wan tells him: “A young Jedi named Darth Vader, who was a pupil of mine until he turned to evil, helped the Empire hunt down and destroy the Jedi Knights. He betrayed and murdered your father. Now the Jedi are all but extinct. Vader was seduced by the dark side of the Force.” 8
At the same time in Sith, Anakin and Yoda sit inside “Yoda’s Quarters” in the Jedi Temple and discuss Anakin’s premonitions. The dialogue not only parallels but also expands on Obi-Wan’s answer to Luke—enhancing our understanding of Anakin’s eventual “seduction” by the dark side and making explicit the emotional issues at the heart of the saga:
YODA: Careful you must be when sensing the future, Anakin. The fear of loss is a path to the dark side.
ANAKIN: I won’t let these visions come true, Master Yoda.
YODA: Death is a natural part of life. Rejoice for those around you who transform into the Force. Mourn them, do not. Miss them, do not. Attachment leads to jealousy. The shadow of greed, that is.
ANAKIN: What must I do, Master Yoda?
YODA: Train yourself to let go of everything you fear to lose. 9
Greed, of course, is the main driving force behind Anakin’s turn to the dark side. He becomes Darth Vader “because he gets attached to things,” says Lucas. “He can’t let go of his mother … his girlfriend … things. It makes you greedy. And when you’re greedy, you are on the path to the dark side because you fear that you’re going to lose things. You fear you’re not going to have the power you need.” 10
After Obi-Wan watches Leia’s message in A New Hope, he tells Luke that he must learn the ways of the Force and come with him to the planet Alderaan. When Luke refuses, Obi-Wan says, “I need your help, Luke. She needs your help. I’m getting too old for this sort of thing.”
Shortly after the scene between Anakin and Yoda in Sith, Palpatine—a father figure to Anakin just as Obi-Wan is a father figure to Luke—also asks for Anakin’s assistance:
PALPATINE: I need your help, son.
ANAKIN: What do you mean?
PALPATINE: I’m depending on you.
ANAKIN: For what? I don’t understand.
PALPATINE: To be the eyes, ears, and voice of the Republic. Anakin, I’m appointing you to be my personal representative on the Jedi Council. 11
In the Mos Eisley spaceport, Luke and Obi-Wan walk to the docking bay to leave for Alderaan when a long-snouted alien spots them and quietly alerts Imperial Stormtroopers to the location of the heroes (Rebels). On the planet Utapau, Obi-Wan arrives looking for Grievous when a tall, lanky alien secretly gives him the location of the villains (Separatists).
Minutes later, both films cut to an establishing shot of a spherical-shaped base, then to a villainous leader, standing with his back to the camera and his hand(s) behind his back.
In the ensuing scene on the Death Star, Tarkin threatens to destroy Alderaan unless Leia reveals the location of the Rebels’ hidden base. A defiant Leia says, “The more you tighten your grip, Tarkin, the more star systems will slip through your fingers.” In the scene on Utapau, Grievous warns the Separatist leaders that the Republic will soon discover their secret base so they must go to Mustafar where they’ll be safe. Two lines of dialogue echo Leia’s line:
NUTE GUNRAY: Safe? Chancellor Palpatine managed to escape your grip, General, without Count Dooku. I have doubts about your ability to keep us safe.
GENERAL GRIEVOUS: Be thankful, Viceroy, you have not found yourself in my grip. 12
Aboard the Millennium Falcon, Luke trains with his lightsaber and receives his first “mind-expanding” lesson in the power of the Force. He wears a helmet that covers his eyes (which can “deceive you,” remarks Obi-Wan) and successfully deflects lasers from a hovering remote. Obi-Wan congratulates him: “You’ve taken your first step into a larger world.”
When Palpatine reveals his identity as the mysterious Darth Sidious to Anakin (who’s been blind to the truth), he advises Skywalker to broaden his horizons, so to speak: “Anakin, if one is to understand the great mystery, one must study all its aspects, not just the dogmatic, narrow view of the Jedi. If you wish to become a complete and wise leader, you must embrace a larger view of the Force.” 13
On the Death Star, Luke comes up with the idea to pose as Stormtroopers escorting a prisoner to the detention block. Luke takes metal binders and tries to place Chewbacca “under arrest” but the wookiee objects and growls loudly. Occurring simultaneously in Sith, Mace Windu and three other Jedi attempt to arrest Palpatine. The Chancellor, like Chewbacca, also objects and screams (as he spins through the air with a lightsaber.) Both scenes even contain the same number of characters: five.
Halfway through A New Hope, the planet Alderaan is destroyed. Inside the Millenium Falcon, Obi-Wan suddenly appears distraught. He places his hand over his chest and sits down. “I felt a great disturbance in the Force,” he tells Luke. “As if millions of voices suddenly cried out in terror, and were suddenly silenced.” Then, he puts his hand on his forehead, as if in pain.
Halfway through Revenge of the Sith, Anakin turns to the dark side. He kneels before his new master Darth Sidious and is anointed Darth Vader. Then, for a brief moment, the scene cuts away to Yoda, who is visibly shaken. Shortly thereafter, during the “Order 66” montage that highlights the extermination of the Jedi, Yoda echoes the exact gestures of Obi-Wan—connecting Anakin’s turn and the murder of the Jedi to the mass murder on Alderaan.
The walls of the trash compactor begin to close in on Luke, Leia, Han, and Chewie around 80 minutes into A New Hope. At the same time in Sith, the walls close in on the Jedi when Order 66 is commenced. (It’s probably no accident either that we see four Jedi die onscreen in Sith, the same number of characters we almost see die in the trash compactor in A New Hope.)
Also of note is that both films include a character going under water at this point. Luke gets pulled under the murky waters of the trash compactor by the one-eyed monster and Obi-Wan falls hundreds of feet into a sinkhole filled with clear blue-green water.
Obi-Wan sneaks around the Death Star to disable the tractor beam around 85 minutes into A New Hope. And sure enough, 85 minutes into Sith, we see Obi-Wan sneaking around Utapau, trying to reach a starfighter on a secret landing platform. Notice how Lucas creates a subtle visual link between the two scenes. In both of the shots below, Obi-Wan tries to avoid detection from “troopers.” Both shots appear “flattened,” with an object essentially splitting the frame into two at an angle—with characters on both sides. In Sith, Obi-Wan (on the right side of the frame) hides from clonetroopers (left side). In A New Hope, it’s reversed.
Finally, in A New Hope the Empire allows Princess Leia and her friends to escape the Death Star after planting a homing beacon on the Millennium Falcon, thus revealing the location of the hidden Rebel base. The final battle ensues shortly thereafter.
Towards the end of Sith, Obi-Wan visits Padme and reveals to her the truth about Anakin and asks about his whereabouts. She lies and says she doesn’t know. Obi-Wan leaves, knowing that Padme will immediately go to Anakin. And like the tracking device onboard the Falcon, Obi-Wan secretly stows away on her ship—and confronts his former pupil in the film’s final battle.
Continued on next page
- J. W. Rinzler, The Making of “Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith,” (New York: Del Rey Books, 2005), 160. ↩
- Ibid., 167. ↩
- While the line is also spoken in Jedi during the attack on the second Death Star, the reverse angles between shots suggest a deliberate link between Sith and A New Hope. ↩
- George Lucas, Star Wars, Original Movie Script, (Monterey Park, CA.: O.S.P. Publishing, Inc., 1994), 45. ↩
- George Lucas, Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, Screenplay, (The Internet Movie Script Database), http://www.imsdb.com/scripts/Star-Wars-Revenge-of-the-Sith.html. ↩
- Lucas, Star Wars, 5. ↩
- Lucas, Sith. ↩
- Lucas, Star Wars, 42. ↩
- Lucas, Sith. ↩
- Richard Corliss and Jess Cagle, “Dark Victory,” Time, April 29, 2002, http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1002323,00.html. ↩
- Lucas, Sith. ↩
- Ibid. ↩
- Ibid. ↩